Greatest Video Games Ever: The Confusing History of Super Mario Brothers 2

With its garish graphics and bizarre battles, Super Mario Brothers 2 seemed to come out of nowhere.  Video game expert Nathan White discusses its curious, confusing origins.

There is a welter of confusion surrounding the history of Super Mario Bros. 2, which I am going to attempt to clear up in this short essay.  I’ve illustrated the piece with some pictures of my latest acquisition, a CIB copy of Super Mario USA for the Famicom.

The game the non-Japanese world knows as Super Mario Bros. 2 is actually a sprite swapped version of a Famicom Disk System game called Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic. Doki was created and directed by Kensuke Tanabe at Nintendo, and was originally envisioned as a two-player co-op game. The game remained an unfinished prototype until Nintendo was approached by Fuji Television to create a game featuring some of their mascots. The unfinished prototype was polished and slightly redesigned using sprites created for the four mascots.

Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic was produced by Mario creator Shigaro Miyamoto, who ironically had more input on Doki Doki Panic than he did on the Japanese version of Super Mario Bros. 2. The Japanese version of Super Mario Bros. 2 was again designed by Kensuke Tanabe, and also released exclusively for the Famicom Disk System. It used the same engine and graphical style as the original Super Mario Bros., but was a much more difficult game.

The extreme difficulty of the Japanese SMB 2 scared Nintendo of America away from localizing it to cartridge for play on the Nintendo Entertainment System. Instead, they choose Yume Kōjō: Doki Doki Panic, the licensing rights of which did not extend beyond Japan, and simply switched out the Fuji mascots with Mario characters. This game was released as Super Mario Bros. 2 outside of Japan, and became a massive blockbuster. The success of the game caused Nintendo to bring the game back to Japan, this time in cartridge form for the Famicom, with the Mario sprites intact but under yet another new name, Super Mario USA.

The non-Japanese world would eventually see the original version of Super Mario Bros. 2 (with updated 16-bit graphics) when it was included under the title “The Lost Levels” in the SNES compilation game Super Mario All-Stars. Super Mario USA was also included on the Super Famicom version on the game, Super Mario Collection.

Additionally, a slightly varied version of the 16-bit port of Super Mario USA was made available for a time on the Japan-exclusive satellite download add-on for the Super Famicom, the Satellaview. This version was simply called BSX Super Mario USA.

Below is a graphic I have constructed to illustrate the Super Mario Bros. 2 story more clearly (click for full size):


Photos–Nathan White 

An earlier version of this post appeared on Video Games Are Rad.

About Nathan White

HEY! I’m Nathan (for lack of a better internet handle). Aside from running Video Games Are Rad, I have contributed my mad ramblings over at Game Sugar, Sega 16 and Encounter Rate. When I’m not waxing intellectual about video games, I am usually either playing them or spending time with my wife, daughter, and son. My turn-ons include Vs. Super Mario Bros., the Twin Famicom, and video games made before 1998. Turn-offs include online multiplayer, DLC, and video games made before 1983. I can be hassled at

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