The LGBTQ civil rights organization, Human Rights Campaign, has been tracking anti-LGBTQ state legislation for the past six years. Within this 2021 state legislative session, 82 anti-transgender bills have been filed throughout the country already surpassing the 79 bills submitted in 2020.
For example, South Carolina’s HB 4047, and Texas’ SB 1311 would ban medical care to trans people, and Michigan’s SB 218 would ban trans people from sports teams.
Throughout their campaigns and from the outset of their administration, Joe Biden and Kamala Harris pledged themselves to work vigorously to defend the rights of all people and have fought vigorously for the passage of the Equality Act, which has passed the House of Representatives and now moves to the Senate.
Responding to the record-breaking anti-trans legislation this year, Human Rights Campaign President Alphonso David issued a statement:
These bills are not addressing any real problem, and they’re not being requested by constituents. Rather, this effort is being driven by national far-right organizations attempting to score political points by sowing fear and hate.
But what kind of “political points” could the political right hope to win by targeting trans people? What is their strategy? And why does the far-right continue to be vehemently anti-LGBTQ?
While there are several possible explanations, political scientist Matthew Moen argues in The Transformation of the Christian Right that the primary reason is that the far-right “didn’t have any more agenda items on their plate.”
Before the 1994 elections, in which Republicans gained control of both houses of Congress, they had been losing ground on issues like abortion, school prayer, and tuition tax credits for private schools, and, most importantly, the far-right had lost what Loretta Ross of the Center for Democratic Renewal calls their “ideological glue”: world Communism since the 1990s.
Therefore, they needed a new “enemy” to unite around and scapegoat, and LGBTQ people have become common welcomed targets.
We have seen this played out continually. For example, in 1994, on the floor of the U.S. Senate, Joseph Broadus, a professor at the George Mason University School of Law, urged legislators to defeat the Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 1994, a measure which would have protected LGBTQ people from job discrimination, by arguing that
It [would] result in special privileges for an elite group that has unjustly played the victim card to advance.
Upon hearing this, Senator Paul Wellstone (D-MN), barely controlling his rage, responded:
As a Jew, I have a real problem with what you say. That is precisely the kind of argument that has been made on behalf of the worst kind of discrimination against Jewish people.
The right in this country is similarly portraying LGBTQ people as a privileged, controlling class, making it the cornerstone of their vicious assault on the civil rights of LGBTQ people.
For example, back in the 1990s, Beverly LaHaye of the rightwing group Concerned Women for America argued that “[homosexuals] are aided in the implementation of their hidden agenda by powerful allies in government, education, entertainment, and the media,” while the 1990s film Gay Rights/Special Rights misrepresents gays as having inordinately high average incomes far in excess of the national average.
It is no coincidence that the right is using its “No Special Rights for LGBT People” campaign as a scapegoating tactic at a time of economic uncertainty.
Likewise, the great myth of Asians being seen in the public imagination as the so-called “model minority” with great achievement in accessing higher education and high earning power glosses over the oppression they have and continue to experience, as we have seen in the murder spree targeting Asian owned and run businesses in the Atlanta metropolitan district.
Gregg Orton, national director of the National Council of Asian Pacific Americans:
For people to assume we’re OK, that we don’t have any reason to complain, it is frustrating, but it also speaks to the work that needs to be done to really challenge this narrative that’s been built into our society for generations.
In these times of declining social mobility, and as the gap between the rich and the poor ever widens, dominant groups attempt to divide the dispossessed by pointing out scapegoats to blame. For example, vigilantes sometimes calling themselves members of the so-called “Minutemen” movement target and hunt down anyone suspected of entering this country undocumented.
The Republican Party has used the banning of marriage for same-sex couples as a wedge issue to excite and draw supporters to the polls. Its 1994 presidential platform called for legally outlawing this form of marriage, and in 2004, President George W. Bush promoted the enactment of a constitutional amendment by asserting that such a measure would guarantee the sanctity of marriage between a man and a woman as “the most fundamental institution of civilization.”
As late as the 2016 Republican Presidential Platform, the Party officially remained opposed and condemned the Supreme Court’s 2015 nationwide legalization of marriage of same-sex couples.
Divide and Conquer through Fear and Hate
A stereotype is an oversimplified, preconceived, and standardized conception, opinion, affective attitude, judgment, or image of a person, group, held in common by members of other groups. Originally referring to the process of making type from a metal mold in printing, social stereotypes can be viewed as molds of regular and invariable patterns of evaluation of others.
Stereotyping can and often does result in singling out individuals and groups as targets of hostility and violence, even though they may have little or nothing to do with the offenses for which they stand accused. This is referred to as scapegoating. With scapegoating, there is the tendency to view all members of the group as inferior and to assume that all members are alike in most respects. This attitude often leads to even further marginalization.
The origin of the scapegoat dates to the Book of Leviticus (16:20-22). On the Day of Atonement, the high priest selected a live goat by lot. He placed both hands on the goat’s head and confessed over it the sins of the people. In this way, he symbolically transferred the sins of the people onto the animal, which was then cast out into the wilderness. This process thus purged the people, for a time, of their feelings of guilt, shame, and fear.
When stereotyping occurs, people tend to overlook all other characteristics of the group. Individuals sometimes use stereotypes to justify the subjugation of members of that group. In this sense, stereotypes conform to the literal meaning of the word “prejudice,” which is a prejudgment, derived from the Latin praejudicium.
When demagogues play on people’s fears and prejudices by invoking these images for their own political, social, and economic gains, in more instances than not, this results in loss of civil and human rights, harassment, violence, and at times, death of the “other.”
This post is republished on Medium.
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