Top 10 RAREST Birds on Earth!! From a rare pigeon with less than 10 left in the wild to a rare owl that won’t breed in captivity…stay tuned to number 1 to see top ten rarest birds on Earth!
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From a rare pigeon with less than 10 left in the wild to a rare owl that won’t breed
in captivity…stay tuned to number 1 to see top ten rarest birds on Earth!
Number 10 – The Christmas Frigatebird.
Automatically one of the coolest birds out there, this one has Christmas right in its
Hailing from Christmas Island off the coast of Malaysia, the Christmas Frigatebird is
one of the rarest on the planet and only lives in this small area of the world.
It’s a dark black bird with a white chest, so it stands out very well, including to the
eyes of predators.
It’s not a small bird, as its wingspan can be as wide as 7 feet from tip to tip.
Due to living on a tiny island in the Pacific, the Christmas Frigatebird lives off of a diet
of fish and pretty much nothing else.
Despite its larger size, though, these rare birds only weight in at about 4 or 5 pounds.
Sadly, very few Christmas Frigatebirds remain in the wild today, with populations estimated
to be around 5,000 or less.
On the plus side, Christmas Island is very secluded, and is home to only 1,500 people,
so its habitat is fairly safe from deforestation and development.
That means these guys may still have a chance to make a comeback in the future.
Number 9 – The Marvellous Spatuletail.
Obviously another amazing bird, this one has the word “marvelous’ right in it’s name.
Native only to a small area in Peru, this is a small hummingbird, with a unique look
and very few members of the family.
The Marvellous Spatuletail was first discovered in the 1830s by Andrew Matthews for his friend
George even got the bird’s genus named after him (Loddigesia).
The bird has a unique look, which is rare all its own.
Unlike other birds, the Marvellous Spatuletail only has 4 tailfeathers, which is much fewer
than other birds.
Also, two of these feathers help it to stay aerodynamic in flight due to their “Spatula”
shape (hence the name).
Over the years, population growth and deforestation have threatened the Marvellous Spatuletail.
Luckily in 2006, Peru passed a conservation law that set aside 100 acres of land for the
preservation of many different animals, including the Marvellous Spatuletail.
So far, it seems to be working, as the bird’s population has stopped decreasing, and today,
it is no more endangered now than it was over a decade ago.
Next step…is population growth!
Number 8 – The Orange-Bellied Parrot.
As you would expect, the Orange-Bellied Parrot is named for its orange belly, but it also
has a rainbow of colors all around its body.
Blending blue, green and yellow, this bird stands out very well in the forest.
However, it’s unlikely you’ll spot one as they are very rare and are on the endangered
list these days.
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This bird is also rare in design in relation to its fellow parrots.
The Orange-Bellied Parrot is the only type that does not migrate during the colder months.
But, living in South Australia is warm enough for them, I suppose.
The birds are typically found low to the ground and hanging out in small flocks rather than
The Orange-Bellied Parrot is critically endangered, a classification that puts them at high risk
of becoming extinct.
With only 300 or so left in the wild, Australian conservationists are focused on keeping these
guys alive and getting more to breed.
Luckily, some zoos have been successful and more are being born in captivity today.
Number 7 – The Cebu Flowerpecker.
Maybe the most endangered on the list, this guy was actually declared extinct in the past.
Fortunately, in 1992, explorers in the Philippines found a few still alive, but they are still
very endangered today.
The Cebu Flowerpecker is only found in 4 small areas of the Philippines and is a very small
bird at only 11-12 centimeters in size.
They are colorful, with a mix of white, brown, orange and black feathers.
They live deep in the forest, which helps to keep them safe from predators, but despite
this they have been dying off.
These little guys are critically endangered today with only an estimated 100 or so remaining
in the wild.
Scientists aren’t sure why they aren’t breeding as much, nor why they are dying off despite
having few natural predators, but captivity breeding has been helping and naturalists
will hopefully bring the Cebu Flowerpecker back to thriving status.
Number 6 – The Imperial Amazon.
Also known as the Sisserou Parrot, the Imperial Amazon is native to the island nation of Dominica.
In fact, it’s the national bird.
A very colorful creature with a mix of colored feathers, the Imperial Amazon is hard to find
even on the only island it calls home.
The Imperial Amazon is a very elusive bird, tending to stay away from people at all costs.
Most of them tend to hang out in groups of 2 or 3 and rarely in large groups.
Their feathers are a mix of red and green colors, making them noticeable as they perch
on high trees.
Unfortunately, their colorful look makes it easy for predators to find them.
Endangered, but not on the edge of extinction, there are about 300 Imperial Amazons left
in the Commonwealth of Dominica.
Between predators, hurricane conditions, and poachers, there are a lot of factors working
against these guys.
And, with limited conservation resources available on the island, it may not end well for the
Number 5 – The Kakapo.
Even though it has a fun name to say, the Kakapo is a weird looking little bird.
Also called the Owl Parrot, because this guy really does look like an owl and parrot hybrid
Sporting a big beak and green feathers with purple talons, the Kakapo is a rare bird that
is quickly becoming endangered.
Making its home in New Zealand, the Kakapo is also a rare flightless bird, almost never
taking flight for any reason.
The weight of the bird is just too much for its small wings.
Despite its deficiencies, though, the Kakapo has been a popular bird for New Zealanders
for its feathers and its meat.
Unfortunately, these factors helped the bird to become critically endangered in recent
With conservation efforts now in place, they can no longer be killed for sport or meat,
but there are only 150 of them left now…which may be too few to keep them going.
On the plus side, they can live up to 90 years old, so there may be hope yet for the Kakapo
to make a return.
Number 4 – The Pink Pigeon.
Can you guess what this guy looks like?
Just as the name suggests, the Pink Pigeon would look very familiar to us city-dwellers
in America, but this bird is native to the Indian island of Mauritius.
It’s the only remaining pigeon species in that region and has been dangerously close
The Pink Pigeon looks very similar to any typical pigeon we are familiar with, but its
feathers have a pink tint to them.
Standing about a foot tall, these guys tend to live for about 15 to 20 years.
The Pink Pigeon came very close to extinction in the early 90s when scientists figured there
were as few as 10 left in the wild.
Fortunately, conservationists were able to breed them in captivity, though, and they
have been successful in releasing them into the wild over the years.
Luckily, this has brought the population back up to around 500 today.
Number 3 – The Mauritius Kestral.
You would think any type of falcon would be tough enough to never become endangered, but
you would be wrong.
Another bird from the Indian Ocean islands, the Mauritius Kestral is a type of falcon
with brown and yellow feathers and very sharp talons, but only a few hundred of its kind
remain on Earth.
It’s a pretty small bird at only 30 centimeters in size and only weighs 150 grams.
However, it’s still a falcon, so it is well equipped to hunt and kill other wildlife in
order to survive.
The main course for this guy is a mix of lizards, cockroaches and small bugs, which helps control
those populations on the islands where they live.
The fact that any Mauritius Kestrals still live today is a miracle, as there were as
few as 4 back in the 1970s.
For a while it was considered the rarest bird on earth.
Luckily, a group of universities from around the world took up the task of trying to bring
them back, and today, there are 400 or so living in the wild.
Number 2 – The Kagu.
The Kagu is another rare bird with not many left in its population, and it doesn’t help
that they only live on one island.
New Caledonia in the southwest Pacific Ocean is the only home to this bluish-gray bird.
As a mostly flightless bird, it lives on bugs more than anything else and has a hard time
with predators, making it one of the world’s rarest birds.
The Kagu is rare in more ways than one.
It is the only bird with nasal corns…little flaps that cover their nostrils to prevent
dust and allergens form entering their nose.
They basically act like nose hair for birds.
The Kagu is a very rare bird, but populations have been growing in recent years as New Caledonia
has put laws in place to protect the bird.
One of the biggest issues isn’t even poachers or weather, but the soil on the island.
The Kagu lives mostly on the ground and is exposed to anything that soaks into the soil.
As long as the island’s soil keeps taking in pollutants, the Kagu may be in trouble.
Number 1 – The New Caledonian Owlet Nightjar.
Another bird from New Caledonia, the Owlet Nighjar is a critically endangered bird with
only 50 or so left in the wild and it looks like a small black owl.
While it’s related to many other similar birds and scientists assume it sounds similar with
a churring and whistling sound, but this specific bird has never been heard.
After all, it’s hard to hear a bird when there are so few out there to hear.
Estimates are at 50 or so Nightjar Owlets currently remain in New Caledonia.
The nation has put laws in place to protect them, but it is hard to breed them in captivity.
Unfortunately, it looks like this one may be on its way out for good.
What do you think about these rare species of birds?
Let us know in the comments below and…take care!
This post was previously published on YouTube.
Photo credit: Screenshot from video