Article 3. The States Parties to the present Covenant undertake to ensure the
equal right of men and women to the enjoyment of all civil and political rights set
forth in the present Covenant.
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights provides another foundation upon which to base fundamental human rights. The coverage in the upcoming articles will take the rest of the listings and select from among them the explicit statements for women’s equality.
The one for coverage in the Covenant today, Article 3. It speaks to some of basic of equal rights in regards to fundamental human rights. The civil and political world remain different, as we are seeing with the rights movements for women to be considered equals in the political and social worlds.
Once the finances are taken care of in an individual’s life, we can examine the ways in which the civil and political life of a country can move forward for greater equality. Though we can see areas of opposition and regression to push women back into the home, to halt their reproductive health rights to keep them in the home and bound in poverty to children if they step out of line, and, furthermore, identify the language used prior to that action taken by those in power to reduce the rights.
Women between the ages of 18-35 have, probably, seen the first effort to repeal their rights since they were born. The language of the elimination of abortion is open and direct, as with the claims by American politicians including the current American Vice President Mike Pence.
The language is open and honest, either ignorant of or in direct opposition to the reproductive rights of women. In the civil and political spheres of life, the news cycle produces a series of examples of similar language and caricatures of women as not up to the task.
The Covenant provides one more foundation to reaffirm the equality of women in these domains; so that any time these linguistic tools or messages are used to denigrate or demean women’s potential in various roles arise, they can be identified and targeted for activism.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Preamble, Article 16, and Article 25(2).
- Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960) in Article 1.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) in Article 3, Article 7, and Article 13.
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).
- Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979).
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984).
- The Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (1993).
- Beijing Declaration(1995).
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000).
- Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).
- The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa or the “Maputo Protocol” (2003).
- Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence or the Istanbul Convention (2011) Article 38 and Article 39.
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