Strategic objective D.1.
Take integrated measures to prevent and eliminate violence against women
Actions to be taken
127. By the Secretary-General of the United Nations:
Provide the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence against women with all necessary assistance, in particular the staff and resources required to perform all mandated functions, especially in carrying out and following up on missions undertaken either separately or jointly with other special rapporteurs and working groups, and adequate assistance for periodic consultations with the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women and all treaty bodies.
128. By Governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations:
Encourage the dissemination and implementation of the UNHCR Guidelines on the Protection of Refugee Women and the UNHCR Guidelines on the Prevention of and Response to Sexual Violence against Refugees.
Beijing Declaration (1995)
Paragraphs 127 and 128 of the Beijing Declaration deal with some of the more rote aspects of the United Nations, boring bureaucratic aspects of the UN. But if we’re looking at some of the stipulations here, we can see the obvious important in the work to provide “integrated measures to prevent and eliminate violence against women” from the levels of the Secretary-General of the UN – the highest office in the UN – in addition to the national and internatonal levels of helping deal with the issue of violence against women.
All of this is, yes, bureaucratic while, at the same time, an important note as to the ways in which the highest offices and authorities can be important enforcers of the rights of women. The Secretary-General is bound, herein, to support the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on violence against women.
The support is not even partial. As a close reading indicates, it is “all necessary assistance.” The questions before us, then, is for the work to improve the status of women in the domain of violence against women: how may we increase the pressure on these levers of power, and on the individuals in power and influence, to enact the measures needed for the reduction and eventual elimination of violence against women?
The carrying through on the stipulations within multiple documents available and produced until 1995 and since 1995 into 2019. These are easy questions. It is simply elementary. The documents were produced internationally, signed on to or ratified, and, thus, should be enacted throughout the world with the force of any other rights or legal document. But it takes pressure, and so work: continuous effort and persistent work.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Preamble, Article 16, and Article 25(2).
- Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960) in Article 1.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) in Article 3, Article 7, and Article 13.
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).
- Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979).
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984).
- The Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the optional protocol (1993).
- Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), Five-year review of progress (2000), 10-year review in 2005, the 15-year review in 2010, and the 20-year review in 2015.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), and the UN Security Council additional resolutions on women, peace and security: 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009), 1960 (2010), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013), and 2242 (2015).
- Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).
- The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa or the “Maputo Protocol” (2003).
- Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence or the Istanbul Convention (2011) Article 38 and Article 39.
- UN Women’s strategic plan, 2018–2021
- 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- 2015 agenda with 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (169 targets for the end to poverty, combatting inequalities, and so on, by 2030). The SDGs were preceded by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from 2000 to 2015.
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