Strategic objective D.3.
Eliminate trafficking in women and assist victims of violence due to prostitution and trafficking
Actions to be taken
130. By Governments of countries of origin, transit and destination, regional and international organizations, as appropriate:
b. Take appropriate measures to address the root factors, including external factors, that encourage trafficking in women and girls for prostitution and other forms of commercialized sex, forced marriages and forced labour in order to eliminate trafficking in women, including by strengthening existing legislation with a view to providing better protection of the rights of women and girls and to punishing the perpetrators, through both criminal and civil measures;
c. Step up cooperation and concerted action by all relevant law enforcement authorities and institutions with a view to dismantling national, regional and international networks in trafficking;
Beijing Declaration (1995)
When we examine the ways in which discrimination expands into the world of sex and sexuality, the differences between the treatment of the sexes and the genders become more stark and clear. In fact, when we examine the ways that the dynamics seem to work in the world of sex trafficking, sex work, prostitution, and the like, women tend to become an exaggerated form as before.
Women not only as objects of pleasure, but also objectified in a number of ways – probably for the most part. The questions arise around the actions that can be taken by governments. In a modern context, one of the things that can be done is the work to provide some institutional support for women subject to prostitution and sex trafficking, or trafficking in general.
Noting, of course, some nuances exist around the margins of the discussion with legal and consented-to sex work with safety protocols in place. However, if we take a moment to reflect, we may note the general context of the violation of women’s rights as the central issue of concern for now.
When actionables are brought forward, the main points of contact here are the governments relative to the victims’ status, the transit and ultimate destination, and then the regional and international organizations capable of providing some support.
To take those adequate measures for dealing with the root factors as well as the external correlates of the problem of trafficking of girls and women, one is dealing, at once, with future derivatives and the current issues of the problem of trafficking when dealing with the root issues.
The emphases in the second paragraph are sex for pay and forced marriages. In dealing with the elimination of the trafficking of women, we are dealing with these concerns, internationally as well.
The rights of girls and women are violated globally when these trafficking issues are not dealt with. Part of this requires proportional punishment of perpetrators of the trafficking of girls and women. The scales emphasized are criminal/legal and civil measures.
In order to do this, there will need to be an international effort based on mutual trust and cooperation between the parties of the world, including the aforementioned governments & and the regional and international organizations focused on dealing with these issues.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Preamble, Article 16, and Article 25(2).
- Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960) in Article 1.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) in Article 3, Article 7, and Article 13.
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).
- Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979).
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984).
- The Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the optional protocol (1993).
- Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), Five-year review of progress (2000), 10-year review in 2005, the 15-year review in 2010, and the 20-year review in 2015.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), and the UN Security Council additional resolutions on women, peace and security: 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009), 1960 (2010), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013), and 2242 (2015).
- Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).
- The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa or the “Maputo Protocol” (2003).
- Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence or the Istanbul Convention (2011) Article 38 and Article 39.
- UN Women’s strategic plan, 2018–2021
- 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- 2015 agenda with 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (169 targets for the end to poverty, combatting inequalities, and so on, by 2030). The SDGs were preceded by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from 2000 to 2015.
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Led by: Scott Douglas Jacobsen and Amanda Vining
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