Strategic objective D.3.
Eliminate trafficking in women and assist victims of violence due to prostitution and trafficking
Actions to be taken
130. By Governments of countries of origin, transit and destination, regional and international organizations, as appropriate:
b. Take appropriate measures to address the root factors, including external factors, that encourage trafficking in women and girls for prostitution and other forms of commercialized sex, forced marriages and forced labour in order to eliminate trafficking in women, including by strengthening existing legislation with a view to providing better protection of the rights of women and girls and to punishing the perpetrators, through both criminal and civil measures;
c. Step up cooperation and concerted action by all relevant law enforcement authorities and institutions with a view to dismantling national, regional and international networks in trafficking;
Beijing Declaration (1995)
The Beijing Declaration in this particular section deals with the significant rights violation of the trafficking of women and the assistance of victims of violence due to either prostitution or trafficking. As stipulated, it is about dealing with the governments where this is originating.
But it is also dealing with the issues of transit and the destinations, as in girls and women being trafficked from other countries into, for example, Canada for the extreme violence against women to be perpetrated.
Then there is the case of the larger-than-national organizations that can help deal with this problem. Ethics in any situation involving the relations between conscious beings remains a consistent fact of the world. As a subdiscipline in philosophy, it is an unavoidable context: when dealing with others, one or another ethic is operative. An inescapable quandary; either an act is good, bad, or neutral within the referent frame of the ethical system or operating moral framework at play in any given moment between conscious entities.
What ethics do you choose? Is it to optimize pain? Is it simply to self-define an ethical matrix and then ignore all others? Is it work towards some idealized platform of specific injunctions for thou shalts and thou shalt nots? Is it sourced from the heavenly realms bursting forth through the choirs of angelic voices singing life into the cosmos? Or is it simply coming from the mucky evolved cognitions of conscious, to varying degrees, beings? What about nihilism, or no ethical grounding or acting? That, too, is an ethic; it’s an ethic of inaction or a-consideration of others, or of oneself at times. Ethical and value questions remain instantiated in a universe with consciousnesses; universes arise. Some may have consciousnesses. Of those that do, those consciousnesses, inevitably, will be dealing with one another, whether artificial and constructed, natural and evolved, or otherwise. Cosmology and physics are inevitable; ethics, in a universe with conscious entities, is inevitable. One derives another.
The issue of trafficking is no less pertinent or important on this issue. The dealing with the root of problems is much easier if they are dealt with through identification and parsing of the “root factors.” This simply makes a problem ease to work through.
Next, there are external factors that innervate the considerations here. Those that “encourage trafficking in women and girls for prostitution and other forms of commercialized sex, forced marriages and forced labor in order to eliminate trafficking in women.”
The fundamental ethical considerations here are the ways in which simply ignoring the rights and freedoms of women and girls can lead to disastrous consequences, due to our collective unwillingness to have a mass and directed response to this “extreme” form of violence against women, and girls, and violation of the fundamental rights and freedoms of women, and girls.
Some of the means by which to deal with the problem can be working with the frameworks already available to us. Those can help provide some protections of the rights of women and girls. In addition, the standard legislation in place, at least in those places that have it, can be a solid basis for the punishment of perpetrators of the extreme violence against women, whether by acts, by trafficking, and so on.
The criminal courts and civil society can be a good means to do it. The final stipulation deals with the law enforcement agencies and other forces working together to be able to deal a blow against the networks at the national, regional, and international levels to effectively combat sex trafficking of girls and women.
Because, at the end of the day, the one side is individual women being violated in a number of aforementioned ways; the other side of the collective networks needed for the criminals to commit their atrocious behaviors and crimes against women and girls.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Preamble, Article 16, and Article 25(2).
- Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960) in Article 1.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) in Article 3, Article 7, and Article 13.
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).
- Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979).
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984).
- The Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the optional protocol (1993).
- Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), Five-year review of progress (2000), 10-year review in 2005, the 15-year review in 2010, and the 20-year review in 2015.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), and the UN Security Council additional resolutions on women, peace and security: 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009), 1960 (2010), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013), and 2242 (2015).
- Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).
- The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa or the “Maputo Protocol” (2003).
- Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence or the Istanbul Convention (2011) Article 38 and Article 39.
- UN Women’s strategic plan, 2018–2021
- 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- 2015 agenda with 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (169 targets for the end to poverty, combatting inequalities, and so on, by 2030). The SDGs were preceded by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from 2000 to 2015.
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Meeting ID: 934-317-242
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Led by: Scott Douglas Jacobsen
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