Strategic objective E.2.
Reduce excessive military expenditures and control the availability of armaments
Actions to be taken
143. By Governments:
e. Recognizing that women and children are particularly affected by the indiscriminate use of anti-personnel land-mines:
ii. Undertake to strongly consider strengthening the Convention to promote a reduction in the casualties and intense suffering caused to the civilian population by the indiscriminate use of land-mines;
Beijing Declaration (1995)
Anti-personnel land-mines are intended for use against military personnel. People hired to defend and attack, to injure and kill, on behalf of the citizens of a country wearing the colours and coats of arms of the nation-state represented by them.
Sometimes, land-mines become indiscriminately used and, thus, create hazards for those without the basic knowledge and protections of military personnel involved in war. The personal armour fro protection from and military expertise for knowledge of anti-personnel land-mines. One thinks most viscerally of innocent women and children destroyed due to indiscriminate use of anti-personnel mines.
These can be hard to detect with the real numbers in a particular area estimated but, in reality, probably quite unknown in the real extent of their proliferation. The main emphasis in this section is the need to promote the Convention and strengthen it. If this is done, then this can be a framework upon which to put pressure on state actors – “governments” – to work on the removal of the anti-personnel land-mines.
Those reductions in the land-mines, in turn, lowering the theoretical number of casualties – the dead – and the amount of suffering inflicted on civilian populations in the midst of living their lives and happening to be affected by these weapons.
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the Preamble, Article 16, and Article 25(2).
- Convention Against Discrimination in Education (1960) in Article 1.
- The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966) in Article 3, Article 7, and Article 13.
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966).
- Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979).
- Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984).
- The Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women and the optional protocol (1993).
- Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), Five-year review of progress (2000), 10-year review in 2005, the 15-year review in 2010, and the 20-year review in 2015.
- United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), and the UN Security Council additional resolutions on women, peace and security: 1820 (2008), 1888 (2009), 1889 (2009), 1960 (2010), 2106 (2013), 2122 (2013), and 2242 (2015).
- Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children (2000).
- The Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa or the “Maputo Protocol” (2003).
- Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence or the Istanbul Convention (2011) Article 38 and Article 39.
- UN Women’s strategic plan, 2018–2021
- 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
- 2015 agenda with 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (169 targets for the end to poverty, combatting inequalities, and so on, by 2030). The SDGs were preceded by the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from 2000 to 2015.
Wednesdays 7 pm EST / 4 pm PST
Call-In Details: (701) 801-1220
Meeting ID: 934-317-242
Lead Page: https://
Led by: Scott Douglas Jacobsen and Amanda Vining
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